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17 Best Background Plants for Aquarium (For Large and Nano Tanks)

If you are looking for the best background plants for your aquarium, then you are in the right place.

In this article, I will share with you some background plants that you can use for your large aquariums i.e. 10+ gallon aquarium.

And I will also show you some plants that you can use as a background plant for your Nano aquarium.

So let’s get started.

Best Background Plants for Aquarium

 Best Background Plants for Aquarium image

1. Giant Hygro

giant hygro

image source under CC BY-SA 3.0

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTGiant Hygro
SCIENTIFIC NAMEHygrophila corymbosa
FAMILYAcanthaceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTMedium
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE 72-84° F
pH6.0-7.5
HARDNESS71.43 - 321.43 PPM
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE24 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 Gallons

Giant hygro is also known as Temple plant.

It is a fast-growing and easy to maintain plant.

It can tolerate a wide range of water parameters which makes it ideal for beginners.

How much light does it require?

Giant hygro doesn’t require high lighting conditions. It can do well in moderate lighting of at least 2 to 3 watts per gallon from a full spectrum bulb of 5000 to 7000K.

Ideal water parameters

Giant hygro can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.

With that being said, the ideal temperature for the proper growth of giant hygro is 72 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit.

The ideal pH range is from 6 to 7.5 and water hardness tolerance range is from 3 to 8 KH.

Substrate requirements

You can use any substrate for planting Giant hygro in your aquarium but fine gravel is recommended.

Planting Giant hygro is very easy, just place it on the substrate and its stem will start growing roots and get into the substrate.

You can also plant its tip into the substrate.

Fertilization requirements

Giant hygro requires regular and dosing of fertilizers that are rich in iron and trace elements.

As Giant hygro gets its nutrients from substrate, add substrate fertilizers like root tabs.

Tip

If you keep Giant hygro under high intensity light or if it doesn’t get a sufficient amount of iron, then its leaves with start turning yellow.

So keep this plant in moderate lighting conditions and regularly supplement it with fertilizers rich in iron.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

12 Benefits of Live Plants in an Aquarium

2. Hornwort

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTHornwort
SCIENTIFIC NAMEAnthocerotophyta
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTMedium
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE59-86°F
pH6.0-7.5
HARDNESS5-15 dGH
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE10 foot
MINIMUM TANK SIZE15 gallons

Hornwort is a fast-growing plant and it can grow up to 10 feet.

This is a very popular plant in the aquarium hobby and it is very easy to maintain.

How much light does it require

When it comes to lighting for hornwort the more light it gets, the faster it grows and the greener it gets.

So provide it with high-intensity light for larger and greener plants.

Substrate requirements

You can use any substrate for hornwort.

This plant doesn’t have any true roots, but you can use its leaves to anchor it into the substrate.

You can also let it float in your aquarium.

Fertilization requirements

The secret for the fast growth of hornwort is its allopathic abilities.

The allopathic abilities allow it to produce a chemical that prevents the growth of other plants in the aquarium. 

So hornwort gets all the nutrients available in the aquarium.

If you have any other plants in your aquarium, then you should add some fertilizer so that other plants can get nutrients for their growth.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

3. Anacharis

Anacharis

Image by Christina Cahalane under CC BY 2.0

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTAnacharis
SCIENTIFIC NAMEElodea
FAMILYHydrocharitaceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTModerate
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE60-82° F
pH6.5-7.5
HARDNESSKH 3-8
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE6 to 8 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 gallon

Anacharis is also known as Brazilian Elodea, Brazilian waterweed and Egeria.

Anacharis can tolerate a wide range of water parameters and it is very easy to maintain, which makes it ideal for beginners.

As this plant can tolerate a wide range of water parameters, you can keep it in both a cold-water or a tropical fish tank.

How much light does it require

Ideally, you should provide moderate lighting to Anacharis plant.

If you provide low lighting to this plant, it will die and if you provide it high light then it can cause algae growth.

So, you should provide moderate lighting of at least 2  Watts per gallon to this plant.

Ideal water parameters

Anacharis can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.

With that being said, the ideal temperature for Anacharis is from 60 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit.

The pH tolerance range is from 6.5 to 7.5 and the hardness tolerance range is from 3-8 KH.
One study shows that the different acidity levels affects the respiration of Anacharis.

Substrate requirements

Anacharis can grow in any substrate.

But as it can get nutrients from water and substrate, if you plant it in a nutrient-rich substrate, it will grow fast.

Fertilization requirements

Anacharis can do well without any fertilizers in a cold water aquarium.

But if you have a tropical fish aquarium, then you should supplement it with some fertilizers rich in carbon dioxide.

You can add fertilizers as substrate fertilizers like root tabs or you can also use liquid fertilizers.

Tip

This plant can work as a filter by catching and holding floating debris in your aquarium.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

Check out my 20 Tips to Maintain a Healthy Aquarium

4. Aponogeton Crispus

Aponogeton Crispus
PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTAponogeton Crispus
SCIENTIFIC NAMEAponogeton Crispus
FAMILYAponogetonaceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTModerate
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE64-86° F
pHbelow 7.5
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE 9-10 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE20 gallon

Aponogeton Crispus is a tall fast-growing aquarium plant that can grow up to 10 inches.

This is a very easy to maintain plant, but it does require a lot of nutrients to thrive.

How much light does it require?

Aponogeton Crispus is not a very light-demanding plant.

It can do well if you just provide it 0.5 watts per liter.

Ideal water parameters

The ideal temperature range for Aponogeton Crispus is from 64 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit.

The pH of the water should be below 7.5.

Substrate requirements

As mentioned earlier, Aponogeton Crispus requires a lot of nutrients for its proper growth so you should plant it in a nutrient-rich substrate.

Fertilization requirements.

Aponogeton Crispus requires a lot of nutrients to do well in the aquarium so you should provide it with substrate fertilizers as well as liquid fertilizers.

Tip

You should supplement appointed on Christmas with seo2 for its fast growth.

5. Water Wisteria

Water Wisteria
PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTWater wisteria
SCIENTIFIC NAMEHygrophila difformis
FAMILYAcanthaceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENT Moderate to High
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE70-82°F
pH6.5-7.5
HARDNESS 2-8 KH
PLACEMENT Background or Carpet
MAXIMUM SIZE 20 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 gallons

Water wisteria is a tall fast-growing plant that can grow up to 20 inches.

This is a very hardy plant and can tolerate a wide range of water parameters which makes it ideal for beginners.

How much light does it require?

Water wisteria can do well in any lighting condition, just make sure that it is not in shade.

Ideally, you should provide it at least 2 to 3 watts per gallon light for its optimum growth.

Ideal water parameters

The ideal water temperature for the proper growth of water wisteria is from 70-82 degrees Fahrenheit.

The pH tolerance range is from 6.5 to 7.5 and the hardness tolerance range is from 2 to 8 KH.

Substrate requirements

In their natural habitat, water wisteria grows in the sand substrate so ideally you should use sand substrate to plant it in your aquarium.

But it can do well in fine gravel substrate as well.
There will be some differences in the size and growth rate of this plant according to the substrate.

Fertilization requirements

Water wisteria can do well without any fertilizers but you can supplement it with some liquid fertilizers for greener and faster growth.

Tip

Provided with sufficient nutrients water wisteria can grow very quickly.

So you should keep an eye on its growth and do the regular trimming.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

Plants Help to Lower Ammonia in Aquarium

6. Green Cabomba

Green Cabomba

Image by Show ryu under CC BY-SA 3.0

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTGreen Cabomba
COMMON NAMESGreen Cabomba, Carolina Fanwort, Brazilian Fanwort, Fanwort
SCIENTIFIC NAMECabomba caroliniana
FAMILYCabombaceae
CARE LEVELModerate
LIGHT REQUIREMENTMedium to High
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE72 – 82 ℉
pH6.8 – 7.5
HARDNESSKH 3-8
PLACEMENTBackground or Floating
MAXIMUM SIZE11 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 gallon

Green Cabomba is native to southern United States and it is spreading to Northen areas of United states and in other countries as well.

Green Cabomba is a tall fast-growing aquarium plant that can grow up to 11 inches.

It is also known as Carolina fanwort or Brazilian fanwort.

This is a very delicate plant and it is a bit difficult to maintain so if you are a beginner then this may not be a good choice for you.

You should also avoid this plant if you have plant-eater fish like Goldfish, cichlids, etc in your aquarium.

How much light does it require?

When it comes to lighting for Green cabomba it doesn’t require a very high intensity light.

You should provide it low to moderate light for a longer time.

Ideal water parameters

The ideal temperature for the growth of Green Cabomba is from 70-82 degrees Fahrenheit.

The pH tolerance range is from 6.8 to 7.5 and the water hardness should be between 3-8 KH.

Substrate requirements

You can let Green Cabomba plant float in your aquarium or you can also plant it in the substrate.

If you are going to plant it in the substrate then you should use a nutrient-rich substrate for this plant.

Fertilization requirements

Green Cabomba requires a good amount of iron for its proper growth.

So, you should provide it with fertilizers in the form of root tabs for liquid fertilizer that are rich in iron and other minerals.

You can also supplement the plant with CO2, though it is not necessary.

Tip

Growing Green Cabomba plant can be challenging but if you provide it with the ideal environment and nutrients then it can easily take over your tank so you should trim it regularly.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

Plants helps to lower temperature in aquarium

7. Ludwigia Repens

Ludwigia Repens
PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTLudwigia Repens
COMMON NAMESLudwigia repens, Ludwigia repens Rubin, Red repens, Ludwigia sp. Weinrot, Red-Leaf Ludwigia, Creeping Primrose-Willow
SCIENTIFIC NAMELudwigia repens
FAMILYOnagraceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTLow to very high
GROWTH RATEModerate to Fast
TEMPERATURE60- 86oF
pH5 - 8
HARDNESSVery soft to hard level
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE7-19 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 gallon

Ludwigia repens is a tall stem plant and it is very easy to care for.

You can keep this plant in a cold water aquarium because it can tolerate temperature as less as 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

If you provide it with ideal water parameters and nutrients then it can grow very fast.

This is a very popular coloring plant and it comes in different color varieties from green to brown and red.

How much light does it require?

Ludwigia repens requires moderate to high light for its proper growth.

You should provide it the light of at least 2-4 Watts per gallon.

Ideal water parameters

Ludwigia repens can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.

It can survive in the temperature as less as 60℉ to up to 86℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 5-8.

You don’t have to worry about hardness when it comes to this plant because it can tolerate any hardness level from very soft to hard water.

Substrate requirements

You can plant Ludwigia repens in any substrate.

But I recommend you avoid sand substrate (except organic volcanic sand) because it can suffocate its roots.

Fertilization requirements

Ludwigia repens is a very hardy plant and it can grow on its own without any fertilizers.

But if you supply it with CO2 fertilizers then it will grow faster.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

8. Jungle Vallisneria

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTJungle Vallisneria
COMMON NAMESJungle Val, water celery, tape grass or eelgrass
SCIENTIFIC NAMEVallisneria Americana
FAMILYHydrocharitaceae
CARE LEVELIntermediate
LIGHT REQUIREMENTMedium
GROWTH RATE Fast
TEMPERATURE65° – 85° F
pH 6.8 – 8.0
HARDNESSModerately Hard to Very Hard
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE6 feet (2 meters)
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 gallon

Jungle Vallisneria is a very hardy plant that can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.

It is a tall plant that can grow up to 6 feet.

It is one of the earliest aquatic plants in the aquarium hobby and it is still favorite many aquarists.

How much light does it require?

When it comes to light for Jungle Vallisneria the more light it gets the faster it will grow.

For good coloration and growth of it, you should provide it high light.

It can do well in low lighting as well but it will affect its growth.

You can use any light for this plant whether that is LED, fluorescent, CFL, etc.

Ideal water parameters

As mentioned earlier Jungle Vallisneria can tolerate a wide range of water parameters, especially the temperature.

It can tolerate temperature at as low as 65℉ to up to 85℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 6.8-8.0.

And it does well in moderately hard to very hard water.

Substrate requirements

Jungle Vallisneria do well in gravel or sand substrate. But for faster growth you can plant it in nutrient rich substrate.

Fertilization requirements

One study shows that Jungle Vallisneria can do well with limited nutrients but it will do better if you provide it with some additional supplements.

So, for the faster growth of Jungle Vallisneria, you should supplement it with iron-rich fertilizers.

You should add these fertilizers after the weekly water change.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

Check out my 6 Tips to Take Care of Live Plants in Aquarium

9. Water Sprite

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTWater Sprite
COMMON NAMESWater Fern, Indian Fern
SCIENTIFIC NAMECeratopteris thalictroides
FAMILYPteridaceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTMedium to high
GROWTH RATELow to Moderate
TEMPERATURE68-82°F
pH6.0-7.5
HARDNESSKH 3-8
PLACEMENTMid to Background
MAXIMUM SIZE13.5 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 Gallons

Water Sprite is one of the most common aquatic plants in the hobby.

This is a tall stem plant that can grow up to 13 inches.

It is also very easy to care for which makes it ideal for beginners.

How much light does it require?

In their natural habitat, Water sprite grows in high lighting conditions.

So, you should provide it high lighting in your aquarium.

Ideal water parameters

Water Sprite is tolerant to a wide range of water parameters.

The ideal water temperature range for this plant is from 68 to 82 ℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 6 to 7.5

And the hardness tolerance range is from 3-8 KH.

Substrate requirement

You can let Water Sprite float in your aquarium or you can plant it into the substrate.

You can use any substrate for this plant.

With that being said, sand or gravel substrate is recommended.

Also, if you keep this plant in a nutrient-rich substrate, it will encourage fast growth.

If you let it float in your aquarium then its leaves will grow larger as it will get more light on the surface.

Fertilization requirement

Water Sprite can do well without any fertilizers.

But if you supplement it with regular doses of fertilizers then it will accelerate its growth.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

10. Italian Vallisneria

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTItalian Vallisneria
COMMON NAMESItalian Vallisneria
SCIENTIFIC NAMEVallisneria spiralis
FAMILYHydrocharitaceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTModerate
GROWTH RATEModerate to Fast
TEMPERATURE72-80℉
pH6.0-7.5
HARDNESS4 - 18°N
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE11.81 - 21.65 inch
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 gallon

Italian Vallisneria is a very hardy and cheap plant.

It is a tall plant that can grow up to 21 inches.

It is very easy to care for and if you provide it the ideal environment and nutrients then it can grow very fast.

How much light does it require?

Italian Vallisneria can do well under moderate lighting.

But for faster growth, you should keep it in high lighting conditions.

Ideal water parameters

The ideal temperature for the proper growth of Italian Vallisneria is from 72 to 80℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 6 to 7.5 and the hardness tolerance range is from 4 to 18°N.

Substrate requirement

You can use any substrate (even send) for Italian Vallisneria.

Fertilization requirements

Italian Vallisneria can do well without any fertilizers but if you supplement it with additional CO2 fertilisers then it can promote faster growth.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

Best background plants for nano tanks

1. Corkscrew Vallisneria

Corkscrew Vallisneria
PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTCorkscrew Vallisneria
COMMON NAMESCorkscrew Val
SCIENTIFIC NAMEVallisneria torta
FAMILYTapegrass
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTModerate to High
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE68-82.5 °F
pH 5-8
HARDNESSHard water
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE20 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE5 gallon

Corkscrew Vallisneria can tolerate a wide range of water parameters and it is very easy to maintain which makes it ideal for beginners.

It is a very good background plant for small to medium aquariums.

How much light does it require?

Ideally, you should provide high lighting to Corkscrew Vallisneria but it can do well in moderate lighting as well.

Ideal water parameters

Corkscrew Vallisneria can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.

That being said, the ideal temperature for it is from 68 to 82℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 5 to 8 and it does well in hard water.

Substrate requirements

Corkscrew Vallisneria can do well in almost any substrate but if you plant it in a nutrient-rich substrate then it will help it to grow quickly.

Fertilization requirements

You should add some root tabs for the faster growth of Corkscrew Vallisneria.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

2. Cryptocoryne Wendtii

Cryptocoryne Wendtii

Image by Haplochromis under CC BY 2.5

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTCryptocoryne Wendtii
COMMON NAMESWendt’s Cryptocoryne, water trumpet
SCIENTIFIC NAMECryptocoryne Wendtii
FAMILYAraceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTLow
GROWTH RATEMedium
TEMPERATURE72-82° F
pH6.0-8.0
HARDNESSKH 3-8
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE6 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE5 gallon

Cryptocoryne wendtii is a very commonly used plant in the aquarium hobby.

This plant comes in several color variations like red, brown, green, etc.

It also comes in several leaf sizes ranging from 5 to 18 inches.

Particularly, green Cryptocoryne wendtii is suitable as a background plant for small aquariums.

This plant can grow up to 10 to 15 CM and it is very easy to care for.

How much light does it require?

Cryptocoryne wendtii can tolerate any lighting condition from low to high lighting.

Ideally, you should use a fluorescent T5 or T8 bulbs for it. 

You can also use any LED lighting bulbs as well.

Ideal water parameters

The ideal water temperature for the proper growth of Cryptocoryne wendtii is from 72 to 80 ℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 6 to 8 and the hardness should be between 3 to 8 KH.

Substrate requirements

Cryptocoryne wendtii gets most of its nutrients from the substrate so you should use nutrient-rich substrate for it.

But you can also use gravel substrate or any soil substrate as well but then you will have to supplement it with root tabs.

Fertilization requirements

For the proper growth of Cryptocoryne wendtii you should supplement it with fertilizers in the form of root tabs and liquid fertilizers.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

3. Rotala Indica

Rotala Indica

Image source under CC BY 2.0

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTRotala Indica
COMMON NAMESIndian toothcup
SCIENTIFIC NAMERotala Indica
FAMILYLythraceae
CARE LEVELModerate
LIGHT REQUIREMENTModerate to High
GROWTH RATEModerate to fast
TEMPERATURE72-82° F
pH6.5-7.5
HARDNESSKH 3-8
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE2 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE5 gallon

Rotala Indica is a fast-growing stem plant.

This plant is a bit tricky to maintain because it requires strict water parameters.

It will do well in a tropical fish aquarium and you should avoid it if you have a cold water aquarium.

It is a very delicate plant so you should avoid it keeping in your aquarium if you have some aggressive plant-eater fish like Goldfish.

How much light does it require?

Rotala Indica can do well in moderate to high light.

Ideally, you should provide it at least 3 to 5 watts per gallon.

Ideal water parameters

Rotala Indica is not tolerant to a wide range of water parameters.

The ideal water temperature for this plant is from 70-82℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 6.5 to 7.5 and the hardness should be between 3 to 8 KH.

Substrate requirements

You should use sand substrate or fine gravel substrate for planting Rotala Indica in your aquarium.

Fertilization requirements

You should supplement Rotala Indica with fertilizers rich in iron, potassium, trace element and carbon dioxide.

You should also supplement it with additional CO2.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

4. Dwarf Sagittaria

Dwarf Sagittaria
PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTDwarf Sagittaria
SCIENTIFIC NAMESagittaria subulata
FAMILYAlismataceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTModerate
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE68-82°F
pH6-8
HARDNESS3-12
PLACEMENTMid-foreground
MAXIMUM SIZE12 Inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE10 gallon

Dwarf Sagittaria is a fast-growing and easy to maintain plant.

It can tolerate a wide range of water parameters and you can use it in tropical as well as cold water aquarium.

This is a very hardy plant which makes it ideal for beginners.

How much light does it require?

Ideally, you should provide it with moderate lighting.

Ideal water parameters

The ideal temperature for the proper growth of Dwarf Sagittaria is from 68 to 80℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 6-8 and the water hardness tolerance range is between 3 to 12.

Substrate requirements

The ideal substrate for Dwarf Sagittaria is a soil substrate that is rich in iron and CO2.

Fertilization requirement

This plant can do well without any fertilizers but you can supplement it with some root tabs.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

5. Java Fern

java fern
PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTJava Fern
COMMON NAMESJava Fern
SCIENTIFIC NAMEMicrosorum pteropus
FAMILYPolypodiaceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTLow to Moderate
GROWTH RATELow to Moderate
TEMPERATURE68-82oF
pH6.0-7.5
HARDNESS60-160 ppm
PLACEMENTMid to Background
MAXIMUM SIZE13.5 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE5 Gallons

Java fern is a stem plant and it is very easy to maintain.

This plant can tolerate a wide range when it comes to the temperature so you can use it in a tropical fish aquarium as well as a cold-water fish aquarium.

It is also a very hardy plant which makes it ideal for beginners

How much light does it require?

Java fern does well in moderate lighting.

Ideally, you should provide it with at least 2 watts of light per gallon.

Ideal water parameters

As mentioned earlier, Java fern can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.

It can tolerate temperature from 68 to 82℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 6 to 7.5 and the hardness tolerance range is from 3 to 8 KH.

Substrate requirements

Java fern doesn’t require any substrate.

It gets most of its nutrients from the water.

You can tie eat to any ornament or driftwood in your aquarium.

You can also let it float in your aquarium.

Fertilization requirements

Java fern can do well without any fertilizers.

But if you supplement it with some fertilizers then it will encourage faster growth.

As it gets most of its nutrients from the water, you should provide it with liquid fertilizers.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

Plants help to increase oxygen in the aquarium

6. Stargrass

Stargrass

Image by Kenraiz under CC BY-SA 4.0

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTStargrass
COMMON NAMESStargrass
SCIENTIFIC NAMEHeteranthera zosterifolia
FAMILYPontederiaceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTLow
GROWTH RATEFast
TEMPERATURE50-86°F
pH5 - 8
HARDNESS0 - 21°dKH
PLACEMENTBackground, Midground
MAXIMUM SIZE11 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE5 gallon

Stargrass is a tall fast-growing aquarium plant that can grow up to 11 inches.

This plant is very easy to care for and it can tolerate a wide range of water parameters which makes it ideal for the beginners.

You can keep this plant in a cold water aquarium as it can tolerate low temperatures as low as 50℉.

How much light does it require?

Stargrass is very undemanding when it comes to lighting.

It can survive in any lighting condition from low to high.

But it will show its full potential only when you supplement it with additional CO2 fertilizers and strong lighting.

Ideal water parameters

As mentioned earlier star grass can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.

The ideal water temperature range for this plant is from 50-86℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 5 to 8 and it can tolerate hardness of water up to 21°KH.

Fertilization requirements

Stargrass can survive without any fertilizers but to reach its full potential it will require some fertilizers.

So, you should supplement it with some fertilizer, especially fertilizers that are rich in CO2.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

7. Rotala Rotundifolia

Rotala Rotundifolia

Image by Jessa under CC BY-ND 2.0

PARAMETERSVALUES
PLANTRotala Rotundifolia
COMMON NAMESDwarf Rotala, Roundleaf toothcup
SCIENTIFIC NAMERotala Rotundifolia
FAMILYLythraceae
CARE LEVELEasy
LIGHT REQUIREMENTLow
GROWTH RATEMedium
TEMPERATURE39-89 °F
pH4 - 8
HARDNESS2 - 30°dGH
PLACEMENTBackground
MAXIMUM SIZE5-11 inches
MINIMUM TANK SIZE5 gallon

Rotala Rotundifolia is a very popular tall stem plant that can grow up to 11 inches.

This plant can tolerate a wide range of water parameters specially temperature and you can use it in both cold water aquarium and tropical aquarium.

This plant can produce red leaves when it gets sufficient light.

How much light does it require?

Rotala rotundifolia is relatively undemanding plant when it comes to light compared to other species of genus rotala.

This plant can do well in medium light but to produce red leaves it requires strong lighting.

Ideal water parameters

Rotala rotundifolia can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.

It can tolerate water temperature as low as 39℉ to 89℉.

The pH tolerance range is from 4 to 8 and the hardness tolerance range is from 2 to 30° dGH

Fertilization requirements

Rotala rotundifolia can do well without any fertilization fertilizers.

But if you supplement it with some fertilizers then it will encourage faster growth.

Check the latest price of this plant at Amazon here

Conclusion

So these are the best background plants for aquarium.

I hope you found this list helpful.

Let me know if you have any doubts or questions in the comments section below and I’ll be happy to answer them all.

Also, if you like this article then please share it.

Happy fishkeeping!

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